A Guide to Magento Command Line Interface


Magento is a powerful ecommerce platform that provides online merchants to have a full control over the look, functionality and content of their online store. It also offers great search engine optimization, marketing and catalog management tools. Magento allows users to work with huge amounts of data and has great features that are designed for ecommerce. The platform has empowered over 200,000 online retailers till date and offers optimal performance. All its exclusive features dramatically increase the shopping experience of the customers. In this article we will discuss about Magento CLI and how it can help the developers.

What is a CLI (Command Line Interface)?

CLI is now a must have feature for backend software and it is a user interface to a computer’s operating system in which the user responds by typing a command on a specific line and receives a response back from the system. A good CLI integrates seamlessly into the automated process. If a program runs on a remote environment, then it would be much easier and faster for the users to do routine maintenance using commands in the shell rather than via a web interface. Commands are also easy to store in the notebook and one can repeatedly run them with the same result.

The latest trend in the designing of command line interface is to have a single shell entry point where the command name follows the name of a shell script to invoke application functionality. The single entry point makes it possible to implement the help functionality that provides a list of commands available and all its parameters.

The Magento CLI

You will find numerous shell script utilities in Magento today that can automate development and help in maintenance operations. Some of them duplicate functionality from the admin backend and others are required during deployment. All the scripts were created as required. The Magento team realized that the scripts will keep on growing as more and more developers will use the product. Keeping this in mind they opted for the best option and decided to unify shell scripts across applications and use industry standards to design the CLI.

Magento developers created a common entry point for all the scripts with a set of commands and hints. The way commands are registered in the framework will now follow the modularity strategy. Every module can add command to the CLI and the code will remain inside the module. Developing commands will become easy and the developers can take advantage of dependency plugins, injection and so on.

Magento developers considered Magerun, which is one of the best CLI for Magento and is developed by community member Christian Munch. The framework is advanced and fulfills the base requirements to the framework. Besides these, it also adds a lot of specific features. Some benefits of Magento CLI:

The new interface performs multi tasks that include:

  • A single command Installation
  • Managing indexes
  • Clearing the cache
  • Creating translation dictionaries and packages
  • Deploying static view files
  • Consistent user interface that is based on Symphony
  • The CLI is extensible and third parties can “plug in”